Friday, March 29, 2019

Evidence Based Screening Case Study

Evidence base Screening Case StudyChristopher Masonclinical scenarioMiss. J, (not the patients real title or Initial), is a 37- course sure-enough(a) female who was recently admitted to the hospital for chronic fatigue leading to exhaustion. As a locomote she says, I am a professional source and aspiring actress. She lives al whizz on the Westside of Los Angeles in a genius bedroom apartment. During our conversation she disclosed that after a five year period of not smoking she has begun smoking again. Miss. J says that the stresses that come with her career path as an actress and writer along with the people involved in the same has most akinly caused her to do so. Miss. J denies any outlaw(a) drug use but does occasionally use alcohol as a stress reducer. As far as she knows no sensation in her family has died from or developed any type of cancer. Her father passed away from Acute Myocardial Infarction and was a type 1 diabetic. Her find has steroid generate type 2 diabet es. Miss. J says, I ask man olden to avoid both. So far.Identification of the Evidence found GuidelineBased on the interaction with Miss. J, several risk factors became apparent and they include a family history of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Even with type 2 diabetes having a strong familial association her m new(prenominal)s was induced by steroids rather than being genetic. The other risk factor that I identified was the smoking of cigarettes and casual use of alcohol as a stress reducer. This places her at an increased risk for use of other extracurricular drugs, driving accidents, lung cancer, COPD, and high blood pressure, as well as other smoking related diseases.Reason for Selecting GuidelineBased on the coupled States birth control device serve task long suit (U. S. Preventive Services childbed Force, 2010), being screened for high blood pressure is recommended as an A level viewing. The current level defining hypertension in adults is equal to or greater than 14 0 for systolic and equal to or greater than 90 for diastolic. Based on variability between separate readings, it is recommended to obtain greater than 2 readings on different visits over several weeks to diagnose hypertension. (p. 35)Barriers and Facilitators for clientMiss. J has only one barrier that I could pinpoint to pursuit up with the screening. Her fatigue. She told me that sometimes she misses appointments because she is too exhausted to drive to them. She agreed that she would rile an appointment with her personal physician after being released from the hospital to be screened for hypertension. Adding that she just hoped that she would be able to make the appointments.One of the facilitators that allowed me to participate in a conversation with Miss. J concerning her hypertension was her stating to me that she wished she could have a smoke. That along with her being a captive audience in the hospital. No one had been to visit with her that I had seen, so I assumed and w as correct that she would like to chat.Receptivity of ClientMiss. J was receptive to the screenings I have listed below. She verbalise to me that she had recently had a pap smear and tested negative for insane cervical cells and HPV. Being asked about the Chlamydia screening because of being sexually energetic she said it was something she was interested in receiving more information about.Evidence Based Screening Guidelines Pertinent to PatientTypeClinical Considerations and Currency plazaCervical CancerWomen 21 to 65 (Pap smear) every 3 eld or, for women age 30 to 65 days who want to lengthen the screening interval, screening with a combination of cytology and HPV testing every 5 years. pattern A+ Recommended. (Screening for Cervical Cancer, 2014). Yes, she is current.ChlamydiaAll sexually active non-pregnant young women aged 24 and younger and for older non-pregnant women who are at increased risk. tell A+ Recommended. ( parting 2. Recommendations for Adults (continued) Agency for Healthcare Research Quality (AHRQ)Chlamydia, 2014) No, she is not current.Folic acetousAll women planning or capable of pregnancy take a daily supplement containing 0.4 to 0.8 mg (400 to 800 g) of folic acid. Grade A+ Recommended. (Folic Acid for the ginmill of Neural Tube Defects, 2014) Yes, she takes daily supplement.HIVAdolescents and adults aged 15 to 65 years. Younger adolescents and older adults who are at increased risk should as well as be screened. Grade A+ Recommended. (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Final Recommendation Statement, 2014) Yes, she is current. baccy utilizeThis recommendation applies to adults 18 years or older and all pregnant women regardless of age. The USPSTF plans to issue a separate recommendation statement about counseling to prevent baccy use in non-pregnant adolescents and children. Grade A+ Recommended. (Counseling and Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use and Tobacco-Caused Disease in Adults and Pregnant Women Reaffirmation R ecommendation Statement, April 2009) Yes, she has been instructed and understands she should quit.Healthcare provider BarriersI am performing my clinical rotation at Cedars Sinai in Beverly Hills. They do not allow us to use electronics in or around the patients/clients. After explaining to my clinical liaison about our subject and appellative we were cleared to use the program as long as we did it outside(a) of the patients rooms. This was limiting but not considered a pick out barrier.Confidence in Providing Evidence Based Screening GuidelinesThis assignment make me feel uncomfortable at first. I realized that I would be asking some very personal questions to a patient that I did not know. However, it did allow me the chance to become familiar with the AHRQ evidence establish guidelines application on the android market. Also, it allowed me to help my patient to learn more about the screenings that she should have based on her lifestyle.ReferencesCounseling and Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use and Tobacco-Caused Disease in Adults and Pregnant Women Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement. (April 2009). from http// Acid for the Prevention of Neural Tube Defects. (2014). from http// for Cervical Cancer. (2014). from http// 2. Recommendations for Adults (continued) Agency for Healthcare Research Quality (AHRQ)Chlamydia. (2014). from http// S. Preventive Services Task Force. (2010). The guide to clinical preventive services, 2010-2011 recommendations of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Rockville, Md. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Final Recommendation Statement. (2014). from http//www.uspreventive

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