Saturday, May 18, 2019
Education and Formal Agencies Essay
genteelness is a process to develop the intellectual faculties of the man. It makes the civilise, refined, cultured and educated. For a civilized and socialized society, rearing is the only means. It makes a man perfect. It is arrogant process through which a chela or a man acquires knowledge, experience, skill and vocalize attitude. Every society gives importance to teaching because it is a panacea for all evils. It is the key to solve all problems of life. Derivative Meaning of schooling The word Education has been derived from different words.Latin word E and Duco means to draw out of the inner qualities of the child. Similarly, educargon means to stir and to bring up while educargon means to draw out the qualities of a child to make a complete man. Various educationists have given their views on education. Some important definitions be Gandhi By education I mean an all-round drawing out of the best in man body, mind and spirit. Tagore Education makes ones life in har mony with all existence. Dr. Zakir Husain Education is the process of the respective(prenominal) mind, getting to its full possible development. Aristotle- Education is the creation of sound mind in a sound body. Rousseau- Education is the childs development from within. Spencer- Education is complete living. It can be estimated that education is a comprehensive term and it reflects ones day-to-day life and an essential view for perfect equilibrize personality development. On other hand, the subject matter of education can be understood from the narrower and broader point of view. Narrower meaning implies education is limited in educational institutions and broader meaning refers to life- grand comprehensive process of education.Nature of Education As the meaning of education, so its nature which is very complex. The natures of education are (a) Education is life-long process- Education is life long process because every stage of life of an individual is important from educ ational point. (b) Education is a systematic process- It refers to transact its activities through a systematic institution and regulation. (c) Education is development of individual and the society- It is called a perpetrate for social development, which brings improvement in every aspect in the society.(d) Education is modification of air- Human behavior is modified and improved through educational process. (e) Education is a training- Human senses, mind, behavior, activities skills are trained in a constructive and socially desirable way. (f) Education is instruction and direction- It directs and instructs an individual to fulfill his desires and needs for ictus of his whole personality. (g) Education is life- Life without education is meaningless and like the life of a beast. Every aspect and incident needs education for its sound development.(h) Education is continuous reconstruction of our experiences- As per the definition of tush Dewey education reconstructs and remodels our experiences towards socially desirable way. (i) Education is a power and treasure in human cosmos through which he is entitled as the supreme master on the earth. Therefore, the role of education is absolute for a perfect society and man. It is necessary for every society and nation to bring holistic gaiety and prosperity to its individuals. Educational agencies are the means to achieve some goal.The role and goal of agencies of education are the impart different types of education. An individual acquires knowledge and experiences through different ways. So these sources and ways of learning pack place in different institution which exercise an educational influence on the child. So the agencies of education are called the chief communicating agents between individual and the goal of education. According, to the role, educational agencies are two types- participating and Passive and according to their form they are of three types i. e. formal, informal and non-formal.These types of agencies are explained in the following ways. (1) energetic Agencies Active agencies are those where both educator and educed are active participants. The action and reactions are entertained. The school, home, family are considered as the active agencies of education. Learning is a two-way process. Interaction is lively. (2) Passive agencies Passive agencies are those which influence the learners only they are not influenced in return. The teaching-learning process is one way. These create public opinion and public control.If the emaciated is interested he may learn. Radio, TV, press, Library are the examples of passive agencies. (3) Formal agencies Formal agencies are much or less deliberately set up by the society. It has specific objectives, curriculum, examination system, etc. These are formal because they are pre-planned. The place and time are fixed. School, college, university are the examples of formal agencies of education. (4) Informal agencies There are ag encies which grow up spontaneously and also dissolve in the same way. They observe no formalities. They indirectly impart education.If one is interested one can learn. They include family, society, playground, professional organizations, youth activity groups, etc. (5) Non-formal agencies It is the recent concept used in India. It helps the formal agencies of education. Those who are not getting chance in formal agencies of education like schools, colleges and universities may go through the non-formal agencies of education. The programmes are meant for out of school youths, adults, and women. balance wheel course, Open University and adult education include in the non-formal agencies of education.